About the author

Michel Baudin

Dates, places, accomplishments

My resume is on LinkedIn, going back to 1973. You can also follow me on Twitter.

Journey to Manufacturing

Since 1981, I have been working to understand the human and technical dynamics of manufacturing, and to contribute to their improvement. Why did I choose this field? It was not the direction I had started in.

In 1980, I was a researcher in probability theory, working out results that were later published in 81, 83, 84 an 86. This theoretical work was intended for earthquake prediction, which had led me to Japan in 1977. By 1980, I had understood that this pursuit was futile and the task impossible with the available technology. It still is.

As a French draftee with knowledge of Japan, in late 1979, I was assigned to the scientific service of the embassy in Tokyo, where part of my job was organizing and leading factory tours for visiting industrialists. Their reactions made me realize that there was something special to these factories, and it piqued my curiosity.

One of my colleagues, Francis Lecroisey, told me that Toyota had developed a remarkable production system and that I could find at least two books about it in any neighborhood bookstore in Tokyo. It was true, as I checked down the street from my apartment. To this day, when I visit Japan, I still hit the larger bookstores for the latest about manufacturing, and find hundreds of titles on topics ranging from cell design to quality and company-specific approaches. This literature, unique to Japan, is targeted at practitioners and full of concrete, actionable ideas, clearly and graphically explained.

What I have done since

This exposure to manufacturing made me realize that it offered a greater opportunity to be useful than earthquake prediction. But first, I had to learn manufacturing from scratch, which kept me busy for the following decade, working first as a production engineer, then as a developer/implementer of manufacturing software, and finally as a junior partner to Japanese consultant Kei Abe. I later started my own group, which morphed into the Takt Times Group in 2008, involving partners in France, Russia, Spain, and China.

As a fresh transplant from R&D to production, I felt like Buzz Lightyear in Toy Story, bemoaning his “20 years of academy training, wasted.” Once over culture shock, however, I began to appreciate the relentless pragmatism of manufacturing, the camaraderie of factory people, and their ingenuity.There was no going back to academia, except as an external advisor to the industrial engineering program at Ohio University or as an instructor in continuing education courses as at UC Berkeley extension. My work is focused on consulting, teaching short courses, and writing.

Where I come from

I agree with the French-Lebanese writer Amin Maalouf, who wrote that people should view themselves as having origins rather than roots. Origins are where you came from, and don’t restrict you, while roots hold you in one place like a tree. I have lived 36 years in the United States, 23 in France, 4 in Japan and 1 in Germany. And I have visited other countries on consulting assignments. I am from France but have immersed myself in other cultures from an early age. This is why and how I have learned English, German and Japanese well enough to function professionally in these languages.

The future

I am just getting started.


  1. Hormoz Mogarei
    November 2, 2011 @ 7:59 am

    Impressive history & bacground…but no mention of future desires & plans! I like to know those too!


  2. Patrick G.
    May 12, 2012 @ 12:22 pm

    OMG, I just read part 4 of Metrics in Lean. You have just validated that I really am not the bad guy for thinking the way I do. I have always questioned why I was so against many of the decisions made by management. I often could not relate to their decisions and wondered what was wrong with me! I spent many years in an isolated manufacturing facitlity that I was manager of and “grew up” on the notion of “0” defects and every problem could be solved. But in the last few years I have been introduced to make the numbers look good and “we are below the industry goal in rejections”…..so what! Does it mean we sit back and wait till we go above it to take action? Great article, thanks for validating my belief of what our goals should be.


  3. MIT article comparing Lean, TQM, Six Sigma, “and related enterprise process improvement methods” | Michel Baudin's Blog
    December 29, 2012 @ 3:16 pm

    […] About the author […]


  4. OEE in the Lean News | Beyond Lean
    March 17, 2014 @ 3:01 am

    […] saw a post from Michel Baudin, Is OEE a Useful Key Performance Indicator?  I don’t think it is.  A few years back I wrote […]


  5. Lean Book Review | Value Stream Mapping by Karen Martin and Mike Osterling
    December 1, 2014 @ 7:12 am

    […] / material & information flow mapping through time is at the heart of the debate.  Thankfully, Michel Baudin has curated information from a number of primary sources into a concise yet thorough historical […]


  6. Giving Credit To The Precursors Of The Lean Movement | Michel Baudin's Blog
    March 12, 2016 @ 6:39 am

    […] About the author […]


  7. Introduction to Lean Manufacturing » The Lean Presentation
    April 6, 2016 @ 2:56 am

    […] this webinar by Michel Baudin, of Takt Times Group, and learn more […]


  8. The Role Of The Plant Manager in Lean » The Lean Presentation
    June 12, 2016 @ 3:19 am

    […] Huntzinger and Michel Baudin discuss the role of the plant manager in Lean implementation. They […]


  9. Quality Management Systems – Bruno Pešec
    October 17, 2016 @ 1:44 pm

    […] of six presented systems, Lean and Six Sigma are definitely most popular and most widely spread. Michel Baudin wrote a great post comparing Lean, TQM, Six Sigma, ToC, Agile, and BPR. It is a lengthy read but […]


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